Basel is a city in northwestern Switzerland on the river Rhine. Basel is Switzerland's third-most-populous city with about 175,000 inhabitants. Basel is located within walking distance of Germany and France. The town hall with its red sandstone façade is a symbol of the medieval old town around the market square, built in the 16th century. Built in the 12th century, the Gothic Basel Cathedral offers a view of the city. The cathedral also houses the tomb of the Dutch scholar Erasmus, who died in Basel in the 16th century. The University of Basel houses some of his writings.
The German border is about 34 km away, directly North of the city of Basel.